U.S. Citizenship Test
There are plenty of immigrants in the U.S. who are ready to take the next step toward citizenship. If you’re a green card holder, it’s possible the next step in your journey involves passing a citizenship test and completing an interview.
What to expect during the naturalization (citizenship) interview and tests:
During your naturalization interview, a USCIS Officer will ask you questions about your application and background. Your interviewer will do his or her best to find out your background and why you are seeking citizenship.
Reading & Writing Tests
There are both written and verbal assessments of your English language skill level. The verbal portion contains three segments of a test meant to assess your skills in English – reading, writing and speaking. That assessment will take place for the majority of the interview part of this process. The reading portion involves reading one of three sentences correctly to a USCIS officer. For the writing portion of the test, you must write one out of three sentences correctly to demonstrate an ability to write in English.
Reading Test Vocabulary List (PDF, 165 KB)
Writing Test Vocabulary List (PDF, 161 KB)
Your ability to speak English will be determined by a USCIS Officer during your eligibility interview on Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
There are 100 civics questions on the naturalization test (See PDF). During your naturalization interview, you will be asked up to 10 questions from the list of 100 questions. You must answer correctly six (6) of the 10 questions to pass the civics test. You have two opportunities to take the English and civics tests per application. If you fail any portion of the test during your first interview, you will be retested on the portion of the test that you failed between 60 and 90 days from the date of your initial interview.
The questions will cover civics topics. That means most of the questions will cover U.S. history and government. Below are five examples of the types of questions you’re likely to see on the exam:
1. “How many stars are there on our flag?”
Answer: Fifty (50).
2. “What do the stripes on the flag signify?”
Answer: They represent the original 13 colonies.
3. “From what country did the U.S. win independence?”
Answer: Great Britain.
4. “How long is the term of office for president?”
Answer: Four years.
5. “How many branches are there in the U.S. government?”
Answer: Three (3).
Study Materials for the Civics Test
100 civics questions on the naturalization test (PDF, 353 KB)
It’s common to be stressed about this part of the process, but there’s no need to be. Make sure you get a good night of sleep the night before and dress appropriately for your interview. Think of it as if you’re going in for a job interview. Dress professionally and be organized. Have all the documents you need in a folder to keep things neat and wrinkle-free.
These are the documents you’ll need for your citizenship appointment:
- Permanent resident card (green card).
- A copy of both the front and back sides of your permanent resident card.
- Driver’s license or state-issued identification card.
- All current and expired passports and other travel documents.
- Copies of your tax returns from the last five years (three years if you’re married to a U.S. citizen).
- A copy of whatever documentation you used in your application.
In addition to these documents, put all of your N-400 information in the same folder, so it’s easily accessible. Information should include a copy of the application itself, any correspondence between you and USCIS and any other kind of supporting documents for your application for U.S. citizenship. Depending on your answers to the N-400 form, you may need additional forms. Do your best to look over the list of required documents well in advance of your appointment. The last thing you want is to be delayed even further because you forgot to make a copy of one form.
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