Green card has never been the official name of the document but it quickly took on the nickname after it was first introduced in 1950 as a result of the Alien Registration Act of 1940.
Under the act, foreigners 14 years of age and older were required to register their fingerprints and document their presence in the United States.
THE GREEN CARD IS BORN
The Alien Registration Receipt Card was its first official name but people commonly referred to it as the green card because of its color.
It was proof that a person could work and live as a permanent resident of the United States.
As immigration to the United States became a dream to many, the green card’s value increased. Fraud became a major problem. The card had to be redesigned more than a dozen times between the 1950s and 1970s.
A MAJOR CHANGE IN 1977
After struggling to prevent fraud, the Immigration and Naturalization Services designed a new green card that lost its green color and became more like a driver’s license.
The cards included a fingerprint image and an identification number known as the A-number.
The Alien Registration Receipt Card name was changed to Resident Alien Card.
EMPLOYERS BROUGHT ON BOARD
With a multitude of green cards in circulation, employers had trouble verifying who was in the United States legally.
As a result, INS decided on a new card introduced in 1989. INS made all other cards issued prior to 1979 invalid leaving only this design as the valid option.
In 1997 the card was redesigned yet again to promote security and disrupt production of counterfeit cards. The name on the card was once again changed, this time to the Permanent Resident Card.
There was another slight change to the card in 2004 as a result of the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. DHS’ logo was printed on the card.
As better technology led to better security the green card underwent another upgrade in 2010. For the first time in decades, it once again had a green hue. The card integrated Radio Frequency Identification known as RFID, laser engraved fingerprints, holographic images and high-resolution micro-images of former presidents.
On top of security upgrades, the RFID made it easier for officers to identify the cardholder.
PRESENT DAY CARD
In May of 2017, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services announced another redesign of the green card. It bears the colors of the American flag along with a green color.
USCIS said the redesign was part of the Next Generation Secure Identification Document Project and includes even more security features. The old design remains valid until they expire.
CONDITIONAL GREEN CARD
A conditional green card is mainly given to immigrants who are brought to the United States after marrying a U.S. citizen. These cards are only valid for two years as opposed to a legal permanent resident card that is valid for 10 years.
Conditional green cards cannot be renewed. A conditional permanent resident must apply to remove conditions using Form I-751, Petition to Remove the Conditions of Residence, 90 days before their card expires. If approved, they will be issued a 10-year green card. If a conditional resident fails to remove conditions on their green card, they risk losing their resident status.
It will look virtually identical to a regular 10-year green card with a couple exceptions that are shown above. A conditional resident green card will have a category number that starts with “CR”. It will also only be valid for two years.
COMMUTER GREEN CARD
Some green cards are also used by legal residents who are legally in the country but live in a foreign country such as Mexico and Canada. These green card holders are allowed to remain, legal residents, while living in a foreign country if they are working in the United States and cross the border for employment.
The USCIS refers to these legal residents as Commuter Aliens. The green card is nearly identical to those given to legal permanent residents. The only difference, as shown above, is the first two characters on the back of the card are “C2”. The number given to legal permanent residents reads “C1”.
Commuter Aliens are not allowed to apply for naturalization until they establish a residence within the United States. They’re also restricted from sponsoring relatives for green cards until they move into the country.
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